The kit measures blv-miR-B1-3p isolated from cell culture lysates
Assay format is 96 wells
Standard is synthetic miRNA-based
Components of the kit are provided ready to use, concentrated or dried
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules, approximately 22 nucleotides in length that regulate gene translation through silencing or degradation of target mRNAs. They are involved in multiple biological processes, including differentiation and proliferation, metabolism, hemostasis, apoptosis or inflammation, and in the pathophysiology of many diseases. Numerous studies have suggested circulating miRNAs as promising diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of many diseases.
Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) is a deltaretrovirus closely related to the Human T cell leukemia virus-1 (HTLV-1). Cattle are the natural host of BLV where it integrates into B-cells producing a lifelong infection. Most infected animals remain asymptomatic but following a protracted latency period about 5 % develop an aggressive leukemia/lymphoma, mirroring the disease trajectory of HTLV-1. The mechanisms by which these viruses provoke cellular transformation remain opaque. In both viruses little or no transcription is observed from the 5′LTR in tumors, however the proviruses are not transcriptionally silent. In the case of BLV a cluster of RNA polymerase III transcribed microRNAs are highly expressed, while the HTLV-1 antisense transcript HBZ is consistently found in all tumors examined. The BLV provirus is a prodigious producer of viral microRNAs and constitutively expresses antisense transcripts in all tumors examined. The consistent expression of these transcripts in both leukemic and nonmalignant clones points to a vital role in the life cycle of the virus and its tumorigenic potential. Additionally, the cleavage of the AS1-L transcript by the BLV encoded microRNAs and the transcriptional interference between the two viral RNA species suggest a shared role in the regulation of BLV.
Summary References (1)
References to miR-B1-3p
Rosewick N, Momont M, Durkin K, Takeda H, Caiment F, Cleuter Y, Vernin C,
Mortreux F, Wattel E, Burny A, Georges M, Van den Broeke A. Deep sequencing
reveals abundant noncanonical retroviral microRNAs in B-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Feb 5;110(6):2306-11. doi:
10.1073/pnas.1213842110. Epub 2013 Jan 23. PMID: 23345446; PMCID: PMC3568357. See more on PubMed