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Rat 25OH Vitamin D Total ELISA

  • Regulatory status:RUO
  • Type:Sandwich ELISA, HRP-labelled antibody
  • Species:Rat
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Cat. No. Size Price


RIS022R 96 wells (1 kit)
PubMed Product Details
Technical Data

Type

Sandwich ELISA, HRP-labelled antibody

Applications

Serum

Sample Requirements

50 µl/well

Storage/Expiration

Store the complete kit at 2–8°C. Under these conditions, the kit is stable until the expiration date (see label on the box).

Calibration Range

5.3–133 ng/ml

Limit of Detection

1.5 ng/ml

Summary

Research topic

Bone and cartilage metabolism

Summary

Vitamin D is a steroid hormone involved in the intestinal absorption of calcium and the regulation of calcium homeostasis. There are two different forms of Vitamin D, named D3 and D2, which are very similar in structure. The D2 is a synthetic product, which is predominantly absorbed by fortified food. Physiological Vitamin D3 levels result not only from dietary uptake but also by biosynthesis of 7-dehydrocholesterol and UV-light in skin because of sun exposure. Vitamin D deficiency can result from inadequate intake coupled with inadequate sunlight exposure, disorders that limit its absorption, conditions that impair conversion of vitamin D into active metabolites, such as liver or kidney disorders, or, rarely, by a number of hereditary disorders. Deficiency results in impaired bone mineralization, and leads to bone softening diseases, rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults, and possibly contributes to osteoporosis. Research has indicated that vitamin D deficiency is linked to colon cancer; conflicting evidence links vitamin D deficiency to other forms of cancer. In the liver, the vitamin is hydroxylated to 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH Vitamin D), the major circulating metabolite of Vitamin D. Although 1,25-(OH)2 Vitamin D portrays the biological active form of Vitamin D, which is synthesized in the kidney, it is widely accepted that the measurement of circulating 25-OH Vitamin D provides better information with respect to patients Vitamin D status and allows its use in diagnose hypovitaminosis . The concentration of 25-OH Vitamin D decreases with age and a deficiency is common among elderly persons. Clinical applications of 25-OH Vitamin D measurements are the diagnosis and therapy control of postmenopausal osteoporosis, rickets, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy, pregnancy, neonatal hypocalcemia and hyperparathyro­idism. Vitamin D intoxication mostly occurs during a large intake of pharmaceutical preparations of Vitamin D and may lead to hypercalcemia, hypercalcuria and nephrocalcinosis in susceptible infants.

References to Summary

References to 25-OH-Vitamin-D

  • Holick MF, Chen TC. Vitamin D deficiency: a worldwide problem with health consequences. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87 (4):1080S-6S
  • Hollis BW. Editorial: The determination of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D: no easy task. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jul;89 (7):3149-51
  • Lips P. Vitamin D physiology. Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2006 Sep;92 (1):4-8
  • Macdonald HM, Mavroeidi A, Fraser WD, Darling AL, Black AJ, Aucott L, O'Neill F, Hart K, Berry JL, Lanham-New SA, Reid DM. Sunlight and dietary contributions to the seasonal vitamin D status of cohorts of healthy postmenopausal women living at northerly latitudes: a major cause for concern?. Osteoporos Int. 2011 Sep;22 (9):2461-72
  • Mavroeidi A, O'Neill F, Lee PA, Darling AL, Fraser WD, Berry JL, Lee WT, Reid DM, Lanham-New SA, Macdonald HM. Seasonal 25-hydroxyvitamin D changes in British postmenopausal women at 57 degrees N and 51 degrees N: a longitudinal study. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2010 Jul;121 (1-2):459-61
  • Snellman G, Melhus H, Gedeborg R, Byberg L, Berglund L, Wernroth L, Michaelsson K. Determining vitamin D status: a comparison between commercially available assays. PLoS One. 2010;5 (7):e11555
  • Tsur A, Metzger M, Dresner-Pollak R. Effect of different dress style on vitamin D level in healthy young Orthodox and ultra-Orthodox students in Israel. Osteoporos Int. 2011 Nov;22 (11):2895-8
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