TGF-α is an EGF-related polypeptide growth factor that signals through the EGF receptor, and stimulates the proliferation of a wide range of epidermal and epithelial cells. It is produced by monocytes, keratinocytes, and various tumor cells. TGF-α induces transformation anchorage independence in cultured cells. Human, murine and rat TGF-α are cross-species reactive. Recombinant human TGF-α is a 50 amino acid polypeptide (5.5 kDa) which shares approximately 40% sequence homology with EGF, including 6 conserved cysteine residues, which form 3 intramolecular disulfide bonds.
Amino Acid Sequence
The ED 50 as determined by the dose-dependent stimulation of thymidine uptake by BALB/c 3T3 cells is ≤ 0.2 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of ≥ 5×10 6 units/mg.
Endotoxin level is <0.1 ng/μg of protein (<1EU/μg).
Centrifuge the vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in water to a concentration of 0.1–1.0 mg/ml. Do not vortex. For extended storage, it is recommended to further dilute in a buffer containing a carrier protein (example 0.1% BSA) and store in working aliquots at –20°C to –80°C.