The Heat shock protein 70(HSP70) family was found in many intracellular compartments. Members of this protein occur in chloroplasts, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and cytosol. These proteins are induced by a variety of biological stresses, including heat stress, in every organism. HSP70 serves a variety of roles: It acts as molecular chaperones facilitating the assembly of multi-protein complexes, It participates in the translocation of polypeptides across cell membranes and to the nucleus It aids in the proper folding of nascent polypeptide chains. HSP70 is mitochondrial import machinery and plays key roles in the cytosolic endoplasmic reticulum. Recently, extracellular localized HSP have been found to play key roles in the induction of a cellular immune response.