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Manufactured by BioVendor

Fetuin-A (AHSG) NATIVE, Human Plasma

  • Regulatory status:RUO
  • Type:Native protein
  • Source:Human plasma
  • Other names:Alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein, Ba-alpha-2-glycoprotein, Alpha-2-Z-globulin, Fetuin A, AHSG, FETUA, PRO2743
  • Species:Human
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Cat. No. Size Price


RD172037100 0.1 mg
PubMed Product Details
Technical Data

Type

Native protein

Description

Native protein isolated from human pooled plasma, 349 AA, MW: 37.3 kDa (calculated without glycosylation). Protein identity confirmed by LC-MS/MS.

Source

Human plasma

Purity

>95%

SDS-PAGE Gel

14% SDS-PAGE separation of Human Fetuin
1. M.W. marker – 97, 66, 45, 31, 21, 14 kDa
2. reduced and heated sample, 5μg/lane
3. non-reduced and non-heated sample, 5μg/lane

Endotoxin

< 1.0 EU/ug

Formulation

Filtered (0.4 μm) and lyophilized from 0.5 mg/mL solution in 20 mM Tris buffer, 200 mM NaCl, pH 8.0

Reconstitution

Add deionized water to prepare a working stock solution of approximately 0.5 mg/mL and let the lyophilized pellet dissolve completely. Product is not sterile! Filter your culture media/working solutions containing this product before using in cell culture.

Applications

Western blotting, ELISA, Cell culture and/or animal studies

Shipping

At ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store the product at the temperature recommended below.

Storage/Expiration

Store the lyophilized protein at –80 °C. Lyophilized protein remains stable until the expiry date when stored at –80 °C. Aliquot reconstituted protein to avoid repeated freezing/thawing cycles and store at –80 °C for long term storage. Reconstituted protein can be stored at 4 °C for three days.

Quality Control Test

BCA to determine quantity of the protein.

SDS PAGE to determine purity of the protein.

LAL to determine quantity of endotoxin.

Note

All blood samples used for protein preparation were tested and found negative for HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HBc and anti-HIV 1 and 2. Since no test can absolutely assure the absence of all infectious agents, this product should be handled as a potential biohazard. This product is intended for research use only.

Summary

Research topic

Bone and cartilage metabolism, Cardiovascular disease, Renal disease

Summary

Fetuin-A (AHSG), a 59 kDa glycoprotein, consisting of two cystatin-like domains and a smaller unrelated domain, is predominantly synthesized in liver. It is secreted into the blood stream and deposited as a noncollagenous protein in mineralized bones and teeth. Fetuin-A occurs in high serum concentrations during foetal life, whereas its level declines following infection, inflamatory and malignancy. Fetuin-A acts as an important circulating inhibitor of ectopic calcification, frequent complication of many degenerative diseases. Low serum level of Fetuin-A is associated with vascular and valvular calcification, atherosclerosis, malnutrition and higher cardiovascular mortality in chronic renal failure, liver cancer and liver cirrhosis patients on long-term dialysis. AHSG protein represents a natural inhibitor of tyrosinase kinase activity of the insulin receptor. It may play a significant role in regulating postprandial glucose disposal, insulin sensitivity, weight gain, and fat accumulation. The serum and bone-resident Fetuin-A binds to transforming growth factor-β and blocks TGF-β binding to cell surface receptors.

References to Summary

References to Fetuin-A

  • Arnaud P, Kalabay L. Alpha2-HS glycoprotein: a protein in search of a function. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2002 Jul-Aug; 18(4): 311-4. Review.
  • Denecke B, Graber S, Schafer C, Heiss A, Woltje M, Jahnen-Dechent W. Tissue distribution and activity testing suggest a similar but not identical function of fetuin-B and fetuin-A. Biochem J. 2003 Nov 15; 376(Pt 1): 135-45.
  • Floege J, Ketteler M. Vascular calcification in patients with end-stage renal disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004 Aug;19 Suppl 5:V59-66
  • Geroldi D, Minoretti P, Bianchi M, Di Vito C, Reino M, Bertona M, Emanuele E. Genetic association of alpha2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein polymorphism with late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Italians. Neurosci Lett. 2005 Oct 7;386 (3):176-8
  • Heiss A, DuChesne A, Denecke B, Grotzinger J, Yamamoto K, Renne T, Jahnen-Dechent W. Structural basis of calcification inhibition by alpha 2-HS glycoprotein/fetuin-A. Formation of colloidal calciprotein particles. J Biol Chem. 2003 Apr 11;278 (15):13333-41
  • Ix JH, Shlipak MG, Brandenburg VM, Ali S, Ketteler M, Whooley MA. Association between human fetuin-A and the metabolic syndrome: data from the Heart and Soul Study. Circulation. 2006 Apr 11;113 (14):1760-7
  • Jersmann HP, Dransfield I, Hart SP. Fetuin/alpha2-HS glycoprotein enhances phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and macropinocytosis by human macrophages. Clin Sci (Lond). 2003 Sep; 105(3): 273-8.
  • Ketteler M, Bongartz P, Westenfeld R, Wildberger JE, Mahnken AH, Bohm R, Metzger T, Wanner C, Jahnen-Dechent W, Floege J. Association of low fetuin-A (AHSG) concentrations in serum with cardiovascular mortality in patients on dialysis: a cross-sectional study. Lancet. 2003 Mar 8; 361(9360): 827-33.
  • Kundranda MN, Henderson M, Carter KJ, Gorden L, Binhazim A, Ray S, Baptiste T, Shokrani M, Leite-Browning ML, Jahnen-Dechent W, Matrisian LM, Ochieng J. The serum glycoprotein fetuin-A promotes Lewis lung carcinoma tumorigenesis via adhesive-dependent and adhesive-independent mechanisms. Cancer Res. 2005 Jan 15;65 (2):499-506
  • Kwak JY, Ma TZ, Yoo MJ, Choi BH, Kim HG, Kim SR, Yim CY, Kwak YG. The comparative analysis of serum proteomes for the discovery of biomarkers for acute myeloid leukemia. Exp Hematol. 2004 Sep;32 (9):836-42
  • Lebreton JP, Joisel F, Raoult JP, Lannuzel B, Rogez JP, Humbert G. Serum concentration of human alpha 2 HS glycoprotein during the inflammatory process: evidence that alpha 2 HS glycoprotein is a negative acute-phase reactant. J Clin Invest. 1979 Oct;64 (4):1118-29
  • Mehrotra R, Westenfeld R, Christenson P, Budoff M, Ipp E, Takasu J, Gupta A, Norris K, Ketteler M, Adler S. Serum fetuin-A in nondialyzed patients with diabetic nephropathy: relationship with coronary artery calcification. Kidney Int. 2005 Mar;67 (3):1070-7
  • Osawa M, Tian W, Horiuchi H, Kaneko M, Umetsu K. Association of alpha2-HS glycoprotein (AHSG, fetuin-A) polymorphism with AHSG and phosphate serum levels. Hum Genet. 2005 Feb;116 (3):146-51
  • Osawa M, Umetsu K, Sato M, Ohki T, Yukawa N, Suzuki T, Takeichi S. Structure of the gene encoding human alpha 2-HS glycoprotein (AHSG). Gene. 1997 Sep 1;196 (1-2):121-5
  • Puchades M, Hansson SF, Nilsson CL, Andreasen N, Blennow K, Davidsson P. Proteomic studies of potential cerebrospinal fluid protein markers for Alzheimer's disease. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2003 Oct 21;118 (1-2):140-6
  • Reynolds JL, Skepper JN, McNair R, Kasama T, Gupta K, Weissberg PL, Jahnen-Dechent W, Shanahan CM. Multifunctional roles for serum protein fetuin-a in inhibition of human vascular smooth muscle cell calcification. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Oct;16 (10):2920-30
  • Schafer C, Heiss A, Schwarz A, Westenfeld R, Ketteler M, Floege J, Muller-Esterl W, Schinke T, Jahnen-Dechent W. The serum protein alpha 2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein/fetuin-A is a systemically acting inhibitor of ectopic calcification. J Clin Invest. 2003 Aug; 112(3): 357-66.
  • Schinke T, Amendt C, Trindl A, Poschke O, Muller-Esterl W, Jahnen-Dechent W. Th
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