Sandwich ELISA, Biotin-labelled antibody
Serum, Plasma-EDTA, Plasma-Heparin, Plasma-Citrate, Cell culture supernatant
At ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store the product at the temperature recommended below.
Store the complete kit at 2–8°C. Under these conditions, the kit is stable until the expiration date (see label on the box).
Limit of Detection
CV = 5.3%
CV = 4.8%
Cytokines and chemokines and related molecules
Interleukin-9 (IL-9) is a proinflammatory cytokine historically believed to be involved in type 2 immune responses. However, recent evidence suggests IL-9 may be secreted by other T Helper lineages such as Treg and Th17 in addition to a new category called Th9. This Th9 lineage can either be derived from Th2 cells with TGF beta or differentiated directly from naïve CD4+ T cells with TGF beta and IL-4. The IL-9 expression in subsets such as Treg and Th17 illustrates the plasticity of cells to reprogram to alternative fates. IL-9 is a member of the common cytokine receptor gamma chain-dependent family of cytokines which also includes IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-15 and IL-21. IL-9 is an extensively glycosylated protein of 14 kDa containing ten cysteine residues involved in disulfide bonding. The human gene maps to chromosome 5q31–32 which is a chromosomal region sometimes deleted in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. Its pleiotropic effects on Th2 lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, mast cells, eosinophils, IgE production and gut and airway epithelial cells have implicated IL-9 in asthma and other allergy-related disorders. The existence of an IL-9– mediated autocrine loop has been suggested for some malignancies such as Hodgkin's disease and large cell anaplastic lymphoma for Hodgkin's cell lines. IL-9 is expressed by Reed-Sternberg cells and Hodgkin lymphoma cells and some large aplastic lymphoma cells, while non-Hodgkin lymphomas and peripheral T-cell lymphomas do not express it