Source of Antigen
The antibody was raised in rabbits by immunization with the recombinant Human Stanniocalcin 2.
Amino Acid Sequence
The immunization antigen (31.9 kDa) is a protein containing 289 AA of recombinant Human Stanniocalcin 2. The AA sequence is identical to Swiss-Prot- O76061 (STC2, aa 25–302). C-Terminal Flag-tag, 12AA (highlighted).
Immunoaffinity chromatography on a column with immobilized recombinant Human Stanniocalcin 2.
0.1 mg (determined by BCA method, BSA was used as a standard)
The antibody is lyophilized in 0.05 M phosphate buffer, 0.1 M NaCl, pH 7.2. AZIDE FREE.
Add 0.2 ml of deionized water and let the lyophilized pellet dissolve completely. Slight turbidity may occur after reconstitution, which does not affect activity of the antibody. In this case clarify the solution by centrifugation.
At ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store the product at the temperature recommended below.
The lyophilized antibody remains stable and fully active until the expiry date when stored at –20°C. Aliquot the product after reconstitution to avoid repeated freezing/thawing cycles and store frozen at –80°C. Reconstituted antibody can be stored at 4°C for a limited period of time; it does not show decline in activity after one week at 4°C.
Quality Control Test
Indirect ELISA – to determine titer of the antibody
SDS PAGE – to determine purity of the antibody
This product is for research use only.
Bone and cartilage metabolism, Oncology
Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2) is a secreted, homodimeric glycoprotein that is expressed in a wide variety of tissues including muscle, heart, pancreas, kidney, spleen, prostate, small intestine, colon and peripheral blood leukocytes. The encoded protein has 10 of its 15 cysteine residues conserved among stanniocalcin family members and is phosphorylated by casein kinase 2 exclusively on its serine residues. Its C-terminus contains a cluster of histidine residues which may interact with metal ions. STC2 may have autocrine or paracrine functions. The protein may play a role in the regulation of renal and intestinal calcium and phosphate transport, cell metabolism, or cellular calcium/phosphate homeostasis. Constitutive overexpression of human stanniocalcin 2 in mice resulted in pre- and postnatal growth restriction, reduced bone and skeletal muscle growth, and organomegaly. STC2 is also known to be involved in the regulation of unfolded protein response in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), as well as in the regulation of cell proliferation under hypoxic conditions. In addition, a series of recent studies have shown that STC2 is also associated with cancer development. The expression of STC2 is up-regulated in several cancer types, including gastric cancer, neuroblastoma, colon cancer, prostate cancer and breast cancer. Expression of STC2 gene is induced by estrogen and altered in some breast cancers. It was found the significant difference in the activity of the MAPK signaling pathway between cisplatin sensitive and resistant cervical cancer cells, and that STC2 could regulate the activity of the MAPK signaling pathway. This suggesting an important role for STC2 in the development and progression of cancers but despite these pioneering studies, the clinical significance and molecular mechanism of STC2 in cancers, however, still remain controversial and need to be further elucidated.