Source of Antigen
The antibody was raised in rabbits by immunization with the recombinant Human RANK.
Amino Acid Sequence
The immunization antigen (19.3 kDa) is a protein containing 175 amino acid residues, comprising of the full-length of the TNF receptor-like extracellular domain of RANK receptor.
Human. Not yet tested in other species.
Immunoaffinity chromatography on a column with immobilized recombinant Human RANK.
0.1 mg (determined by BCA method, BSA was used as a standard)
The antibody is lyophilized in 0.05 M phosphate buffer, 0.1 M NaCl, pH 7.2. AZIDE FREE.
Add 0.1 ml of deionized water and let the lyophilized pellet dissolve completely. Slight turbidity may occur after reconstitution, which does not affect activity of the antibody. In this case clarify the solution by centrifugation.
At ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store the product at the temperature recommended below.
The lyophilized antibody remains stable and fully active until the expiry date when stored at –20°C. Aliquot the product after reconstitution to avoid repeated freezing/thawing cycles and store frozen at –80°C. Reconstituted antibody can be stored at 4°C for a limited period of time; it does not show decline in activity after one week at 4°C.
Quality Control Test
Indirect ELISA – to determine titer of the antibody
SDS PAGE – to determine purity of the antibody
This product is for research use only.
Bone and cartilage metabolism, Oncology
sRANKL, receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κB ligand (also: osteoprotegerin ligand, OPGL), is a part of the TNF superfamily with high similarity to other members of that protein species. (SwissProt Nr. O14788). Three isoforms are produced by alternate splicing, two type II membrane proteins (ISOFORM 1, 317 AA, and ISOFORM 3, 270 AA), and a secreted molecule (ISOFORM 2, 244 AA). ISOFORM 1 is identical to previously reported RANKL and possesses intracellular, transmembrane, and extracellular domains; ISOFORM 2 does not have the intracellular and transmembrane domains, and ISOFORM 3 does not have the intracellular domain. A soluble form arises by proteolytic processing from membrane isoforms. Although all forms are bioactive, the membrane-bound proteins seem to be the homeostatic forms, while the production of soluble RANKL signals pathological conditions. RANKL, RANK, and osteoprotegerin (OPG) have been identified as the key molecular regulation system for bone remodelling. RANKL is the main stimulatory factor for the formation of mature osteoclasts and is essential for their survival. Therefore, an increase in RANKL expression leads to bone resorption and bone loss. RANKL is produced by osteoblastic lineage cells and activated T lymphocytes. It activates its specific receptor RANK, which is located on osteoclasts and dendritic cells. The effects of RANKL are counteracted by OPG, which is secreted by various tissues and acts as an endogenous soluble receptor antagonist. Imbalances of the RANKL/OPG system have been related to the pathogenesis of Paget’s disease, benign and malignant bone tumors, postmenopausal osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, bone metastases and hypercalcemia. Several studies using animal models have shown that restoring the RANKL/OPG balance (e.g. by administering OPG) reduces the severity of these disorders. Indication - Postmenopausal and senile osteoporosis - Diseases with locally increased bone resorption activity - Paget´s disease - Periodontal disease - Cardiovascular disease, arterial calcification - Inflammatory diseases - Immunological disorders - Arthritis - Oncology